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Ok Ladies and Gents. This is alot to read I know, but you will better understand the meat and potato's of the Oil industry. This is what most comercials don't even discuss. Beyond all the tout, and meaningless phrases, and flashy nothings, this is the TRUTH.
Besides what are you putting in your engine.... oh thats right the OIL!!!!!  Please feel free to do some reasearch on your own.
 

The chart shown below was part of an article written by a gentleman and posted to the newsgroups. He has compiled important data regarding many of the top conventional and synthetic oils on the market and put them in a chart for easy comparison. Along with this chart he has provided some descriptions of what the numbers represent. These figures have not been updated recently on this page. For the latest numbers please see our AMSOIL tech bulletins and compare with the latest tech specs from manufacturer websites.

Please take note that at the time of this compilation the only two oils that really match up with AMSOIL (according the figures below) are Mobil 1 and Red Line. These are both exceptional oils, but you will find that in most viscosity grades AMSOIL's specs (if taken as a whole) come out better than both of them. It should also be said that these specifications, although helpful in determining the general quality of an oil, do not tell the whole picture. Noack volatility test scores and wear scar tests are also very important, and in these two areas AMSOIL stands on top for every test we've seen. In fact, Mobil 1's new Tri-Synthetic 5W-30 and 0W-30 formulations are actually now surpassed by most other synthetic oils we've tested on the Four Ball Wear Test.

Also important, but not listed in the charts below, is the fact that AMSOIL Synthetic Oils use more top quality base stocks than any other oil and have a better detergent additive package as well. That, coupled with their superior air and oil filtration technologies, make AMSOIL Synthetic Oils and automotive products the best choice out there for anyone who wants improved performance and considerable pocketbook savings.

Here is the Newsgroup Article:

First, I will answer a couple of questions asked by another. Yes, it is OK to mix mineral and synthetic oils. One of the early synthetics used was a Polyalkylene Glycol. This was totally incompatible and would gel when mixed. This has not been used for years for automotive lubrication. All common synthetics used for engine lubrication now days are a Polyalphaolefin (Mobil 1) or a Dibasic Organic Ester type (AMSOIL). These are fully compatible with conventional oils. In fact Golden Spectro and AGIP Sint 2000 are mixtures of mineral and synthetic oils. It is always best to mix oils with the same rating (SG). This insures that the additive packages are compatible and will maintain their effectiveness.

(NOTE: Enviro-Guard' .02 - We wouldn't recommend mixing conventional oil with synthetic oils as the overall mix will have lesser lubrication qualities and a shorter drain interval than completely synthetic.)

All engine oils use an organic Zinc compound as an extreme pressure/anti wear additive. Spectro adds more to their Motorcycle oil than to the car oil because Zinc is a poison to catalytic converters. You will also see that some "car" oil contains more than their motorcycle oil. The difference in Zinc content between ..11% and .16% is insignificant to the converter. The little data I saw on the oils packaged by the motorcycle manufacturers indicated that they were no better than the top automotive oils. While most were good, they didn't offer anything the cheaper oils do. (They are in reality just repackaged and in some cases slightly reformulated top grade auto oils).

The following is a slightly modified repost of my original article. I have added a few bits that address some FAQ's. (long)

Choosing the best motor oil is a topic that comes up frequently in discussions between motoheads, whether they are talking about motorcycles or cars. The following article is intended to help you make a choice based on more than the advertising hype. Oil companies provide data on their oils most often referred to as "typical inspection data". This is an average of the actual physical and a few common chemical properties of their oils. This information is available to the public through their distributors or by writing or calling the company directly. I have compiled a list of the most popular, premium oils so that a ready comparison can be made.

If your favorite oil is not on the list get the data from the distributor and use what I have as a data base. This article is going to look at six of the most important properties of a motor oil readily available to the public: viscosity, viscosity index (VI), flash point, pour point, % sulfated ash, and % zinc.

Viscosity is the measure of how thick an oil is. This is the most important property for an engine. An oil with too low a viscosity can shear and loose film strength at high temperatures. An oil with too high a viscosity may not pump to the proper parts at low temperatures and the film may tear at high rpm.

****Our .02 again-- Viscosity INDEX or VI in the chart below is a measure of how much an oil's viscosity changes with temperature changes. The higher the VI, the less change that occurs and the better the protection.****

Flash point is the temperature at which an oil gives off vapors that can be ignited with a flame held over the oil. The lower the flash point the greater tendency for the oil to suffer vaporization loss at high temperatures and to burn off on hot cylinder walls and pistons. The flash point can be an indicator of the quality of the base stock used. The higher the flash point the better. 400 F is the minimum to prevent possible high consumption. Flash point is in degrees F.

Pour point is 5 degrees F above the point at which a chilled oil shows no movement at the surface for 5 seconds when inclined. This measurement is especially important for oils used in the winter. A borderline pumping temperature is given by some manufacturers. This is the temperature at which the oil will pump and maintain adequate oil pressure. This was not given by a lot of the manufacturers, but seems to be about 20 degrees F above the pour point. The lower the pour point the better. Pour point is in degrees F.

% sulfated ash is how much solid material is left when the oil burns. A high ash content will tend to form more sludge and deposits in the engine. Low ash content also seems to promote long valve life. Look for oils with a low ash content.

% zinc is the amount of zinc used as an extreme pressure, anti- wear additive. The zinc is only used when there is actual metal to metal contact in the engine. Hopefully the oil will do its job and this will rarely occur, but if it does, the zinc compounds react with the metal to prevent scuffing and wear. A level of .11% is enough to protect an automobile engine for the extended oil drain interval, under normal use. Those of you with high revving, air cooled motorcycles or turbo charged cars or bikes might want to look at the oils with the higher zinc content. More doesn't give you better protection, it gives you longer protection if the rate of metal to metal contact is abnormally high. High zinc content can lead to deposit formation and plug fouling.

 
 
The Data: Listed alphabetically
--- indicates the data was not available
**figures last updated April 1998 
Please note figures with a (**) at the right side of them, are current figures taken from 
the prospective web site's of that brand of oil up dated 2002.
 
 
 
Brand                   VI   Flash Pour %ash  %zinc
20W-50
 
AMSOIL(new)             155  474   -47  <.05   --- 
Castrol GTX             122  440   -15  .85   .12 
Exxon High Performance  119  419   -13  .70   .11 
Havoline Formula 3      125  465   -30  1.0   --- 
Kendall GT-1            129  390   -25  1.0   .16 
Pennzoil GT Perf.       120  460   -10  .90   --- 
Quaker State Dlx.       155  430   -25  .90   --- 
Red Line                164  503   -49  ---   ---
Royal Purple            138  435   -44  ---   --- **
Shell Truck Guard       130  450   -15  1.0   .15 
Spectro Golden 4        174  440   -35  ---   .15 
Spectro Golden M.G.     174  440   -35  ---   .13 
Unocal                  121  432   -11  .74   .12 
Valvoline All Climate   125  430   -10  1.0   .11 
Valvoline Turbo         140  440   -10  .99   .13 
Valvoline Race          140  425   -10  1.2   .20
Valvoline Synthetic     146  465   -40  <1.5  .12
 
Brand                   VI   Flash Pour %ash  %zinc
20W-40
 
AMSOIL                  124  500   -49  ---   ---
Castrol Multi-Grade     110  440   -15  .85   .12 
Quaker State            121  415   -15  .90   ---
 
Brand                   VI   Flash Pour %ash  %zinc
15W-50
 
Chevron                 204  415   -18  .96   .11 
Mobil 1                 180  430   -55   ---  --- 
Mystic JT8              144  420   -20  1.7   .15
Red Line                166  503   -49   ---  ---
 
Brand                   VI   Flash Pour %ash  %zinc
5W-50
 
Castrol Syntec          180  437   -45  1.2   ---
Quaker State Synquest   173  457   -76   ---  ---
Quaker State Prem.Syn   177  435   -35   ---  --- **
Pennzoil Performax      176  ---   -69   ---  ---
 
Brand                   VI   Flash Pour %ash  %zinc
5W-40
 
Havoline                170  450   -40  1.4   ---
 
Brand                   VI   Flash Pour %ash  %zinc
5W-30 Heavy Duty Diesel
 
AMSOIL                  170  460   -60  <.05   ---
 
 
 
 
Brand                   VI   Flash Pour %ash  %zinc
15W-40
 
AMSOIL(new)             157  446   -49  <.05   ---
Castrol                 134  415   -15  1.3   .14 
Chevron Delo 400        136  421   -27  1.0   --- 
Exxon XD3               ---  417   -11  .90   .14 
Exxon XD3 Extra         135  399   -11  .95   .13 
Kendall GT-1            135  410   -25  1.0   .16 
Mobil 1 Super Syn (NEW) 155  491   -49  ---   --- ** (Auctually 15W 50)
Mystic JT8              142  440   -20  1.7   .15
Red Line                155  495   -40  ---   ---
Royal Purple            149  400   -49  ---   --- ** (Auctually 10W 40)
Shell Rotella w/XLA     146  410   -25  1.0   .13 
Valvoline All Fleet     140  ---   -10  1.0   .15 
Valvoline Turbo         140  420   -10  .99   .13
 
 
 
Brand                   VI   Flash Pour %ash  %zinc
10W-30
 
AMSOIL                  171  464   -54  <.05   ---
AMSOIL XL-7500          148  471   -54  <.05   ---
Castrol GTX             140  415   -33  .85   .12
Castrol Syntec          157  455   -54  ---   .10 
Chevron Supreme         150  401   -26  .96   .11 
Exxon Superflo Hi Perf  135  392   -22  .70   .11 
Exxon Superflo Supreme  133  400   -31  .85   .13 
Havoline Formula 3      139  430   -30  1.0   --- 
Kendall GT-1            139  390   -25  1.0   .16 
Mobil 1                 ---  430   -60  ---   --- 
Mobil 1 Super Syn.(NEW) 145  455   -49  ---   --- **
Pennzoil PLZ Turbo      140  410   -27  1.0   --- 
Quaker State            156  410   -30  .90   ---
Quaker State Prem Syn   148  440   -40  ---   --- **
Red Line                150  475   -40  ---   --- 
Royal Purple            148  400   -49  ---   --- **
Shell Fire and Ice      155  410   -35  .90   .12 
Shell Super 2000        155  410   -35  1.0   .13 
Shell Truck Guard       155  405   -35  1.0   .15 
Spectro Golden M.G.     175  405   -40  ---   --- 
Unocal Super            153  428   -33  .92   .12 
Valvoline All Climate   130  410   -26  1.0   .11 
Valvoline Turbo         135  410   -26  .99   .13 
Valvoline Race          130  410   -26  1.2   .20
Valvoline Synthetic     140  450   -40  <1.5  .12
 
 
 
Brand                   VI   Flash Pour %ash  %zinc
5W-30
 
AMSOIL                  186  478   -60  <.05   --- 
AMSOIL  XL-7500         160  464   -60  <.05   --- 
Castrol GTX             156  400   -35  .80   .12 
Chevron Supreme         202? 354   -46  .96   .11
Chevron Supreme Synth.  165  446   -72  1.1   .12 
Exxon Superflow HP      148  392   -22  .70   .11 
Havoline Formula 3      158  420   -40  1.0   --- 
Mobil 1                 150  430   -65  ---   --- 
Mobil 1 Super Syn (NEW) 169  455   -54  ---   --- **
Mystic JT8              161  390   -25  .95   .10 
Quaker State            165  405   -35  .9    ---
Quaker State Prem Syn   151  440   -49  ---   --- **
Red Line                165  455   -49  ---   ---  
Royal Purple            160  395   -44  ---   --- **
Shell Fire and Ice      167  405   -35  .9    .12 
Unocal                  151  414   -33  .81   .12 
Valvoline All Climate   135  405   -40  1.0   .11 
Valvoline Turbo         158  405   -40  .99   .13
Valvoline Synthetic     160  435   -40  <1.5  .12
 
 
 
Brand                   VI   Flash Pour %ash  %zinc
0W-30
 
AMSOIL                  188  460   -76  ---   ---
Mobil 1                 175  460   -65  ---   ---
Mobil 1 Super Syn (NEW) 176  450   -65  ---   --- **

All of the oils above meet current SG/CD ratings and all vehicle manufacturer's warranty requirements in the proper viscosity. All are "good enough", but those with the better numbers are icing on the cake. The more expensive synthetic oils; AMSOIL, Mobil 1, and Spectro offer the only truly significant differences, due to their superior high temperature oxidation resistance, high film strength, very low tendency to form deposits, stable viscosity base, and low temperature flow characteristics. Synthetic oils are superior lubricants compared to traditional petroleum oils. You will have to decide if their high cost is justified in your application.

Ed Hackett The Desert Research Institute Reno, Nevada 

Unknown Gem Type: tlx.tlx.tellyourfriends

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